Original Research

Experiences of patients with hypertension at primary health care in facilitating own lifestyle change of regular physical exercise

Nomasonto B.D. Magobe, Marie Poggenpoel, Chris Myburgh
Curationis | Vol 40, No 1 | a1679 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v40i1.1679 | © 2017 Nomasonto B.D. Magobe, Marie Poggenpoel, Chris Myburgh | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 February 2016 | Published: 26 April 2017

About the author(s)

Nomasonto B.D. Magobe, Department of Nursing Sciences, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Marie Poggenpoel, Department of Nursing Sciences, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Chris Myburgh, Department of Education, University of Johannesburg, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: Regular physical exercise is one of the lifestyle modification general measures to control the blood pressure (BP) of patients with hypertension. Globally, hypertension is considered a non-communicable disease (NCD), as well as a chronic condition of lifestyle, that contributes to the mortality rate caused by complications of cardiovascular burden of diseases. In South Africa, NCDs account for nearly 40% of adult deaths, with a high prevalence among black people in urban areas such as Soweto.
The first step in treating hypertension is lifestyle modification, referred to in this study as health-promoting lifestyle change measures. Despite the positive benefits of regular physical exercise in controlling hypertension, in 2014, only 10% of men and 18% of women with hypertension had their BP controlled to a level that would eliminate the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) complications.
Objectives: The aim of this article is to present the experiences of patients with hypertension regarding the facilitation of their own health-promoting lifestyle change measure of regular physical exercise.
Method: A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research design was used. The accessible population of patients with hypertension at three primary health care (PHC) clinics in Soweto was targeted and purposefully sampled. Focus group and individual interviews were conducted to collect data till data saturation occurred. Tesch’s open-coding method of data analysis was used.
Results and conclusions: Findings show that participants experienced poor self-care due to poor self-efficacy, demonstrated by not engaging in regular physical exercise, which in turn, resulted in uncontrolled BP and cardiovascular complications from hypertension. More should be done to educate, motivate and empower patients with the necessary knowledge, skills and the values in facilitating their own regular physical exercise in order to improve their own quality of health.

Keywords

Hypertension; Experiences; Primary Health Care; Facilitation; Lifestyle

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Crossref Citations

1. Adherence of doctors to hypertension clinical guidelines in academy charity teaching hospital, Khartoum, Sudan
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doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4140-z