Original Research

Verpleegkundiges en pasiënte se belewenis van gesamentlike gesondheidsdienslewering aan alle bevolkingsgroepe in 'n hospitaal

M. Poggenpoel, H. Uys, A. Botes, C. Dörfling, M. Greeff
Curationis | Vol 19, No 2 | a1325 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v19i2.1325 | © 1996 M. Poggenpoel, H. Uys, A. Botes, C. Dörfling, M. Greeff | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 March 1996 | Published: 27 March 1996

About the author(s)

M. Poggenpoel,, South Africa
H. Uys,, South Africa
A. Botes,, South Africa
C. Dörfling,, South Africa
M. Greeff,, South Africa

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Abstract

In a community hospital in Gauteng, the hospital management had, on short notice, to provide combined health services to all population groups. In the past different health services were delivered to each population group. The integration of health service delivery was a sudden change. Based on this, research questions arose, namely: how do nurses and patients experience this change, and how could they be assisted to adjust to the change. The research objectives were twofold, namely: to explore and describe nurses and patients’ experience of combined health delivery to all population groups and based on the results to make recommendations to assist them with adjustment to a combined health delivery system. An exploratory, descriptive and contextual research design was followed Trustworthiness was ensured by applying Guba's approach. Phenomenological and individual focus interviews were conducted with forty nurses and patients who were selected purposively. Field notes were written after completion of each interview. The transcribed data was analysed by using Giorgi’s and Kerlinger’s methods combined. Results were discussed and a literature control completed. The most important conclusions reached were: there was an insufficient administrative structure in the hospital as a result of insufficient preparation for the combined health service delivery for all population groups; the whites ’ perception of different populations groups is based on an ethnocentric Western approach. This led to their experience of culture shock that resulted in feelings of anger/frustration, fear and sadness; the willingness of other populations groups to adjust to combined health service delivery led to their experience of happiness; there exists communication problems between population groups because of their not being able to communicate in their own language and the difference in communication styles; the verbalised Christian viewpoint and values of whites nurses and patients are not congruent with their prejudiced perception of people of other population groups and cultures, and the different population groups do not know each other's lifeworlds and that leads to prejudices that block open communication. Several recommendations were made based on these conclusions.

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