Original Research

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge and skills of registered nurses in Botswana

Lakshmi Rajeswaran, Valerie J. Ehlers
Curationis | Vol 37, No 1 | a1259 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v37i1.1259 | © 2014 Lakshmi Rajeswaran, Valerie J. Ehlers | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 November 2013 | Published: 02 December 2014

About the author(s)

Lakshmi Rajeswaran, Department of Nursing, University of Botswana, Botswana and Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, South Africa
Valerie J. Ehlers, Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, South Africa

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Background: In Botswana nurses provide most health care in the primary, secondary and tertiary level clinics and hospitals. Trauma and medical emergencies are on the increase, and nurses should have cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) knowledge and skills in order to be able to implement effective interventions in cardiac arrest situations.

Objective: The objective of this descriptive study was to assess registered nurses’ CPR knowledge and skills.

Method: A pre-test, intervention and re-test time-series research design was adopted, and data were collected from 102 nurses from the 2 referral hospitals in Botswana. A multiple choice questionnaire and checklist were used to collect data.

Results: All nurses failed the pre-test. Their knowledge and skills improved after training, but deteriorated over the three months until the post-test was conducted.

Conclusion: The significantly low levels of registered nurses’ CPR skills in Botswana should be addressed by instituting country-wide CPR training and regular refresher courses.


basic life support (BLS), cardiac emergencies, cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR), in-service training, registered nurse


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Crossref Citations

1. Assessment of nurses’ cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge and skills within three district hospitals in Botswana
Lakshmi Rajeswaran, Megan Cox, Stoffel Moeng, Billy M. Tsima
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine  vol: 10  issue: 1  year: 2018  
doi: 10.4102/phcfm.v10i1.1633