Original Research

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge and skills of registered nurses in Botswana

Lakshmi Rajeswaran, Valerie J. Ehlers
Curationis | Vol 37, No 1 | a1259 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v37i1.1259 | © 2014 Lakshmi Rajeswaran, Valerie J. Ehlers | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 November 2013 | Published: 02 December 2014

About the author(s)

Lakshmi Rajeswaran, Department of Nursing, University of Botswana, Botswana and Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, South Africa
Valerie J. Ehlers, Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, South Africa

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Background: In Botswana nurses provide most health care in the primary, secondary and tertiary level clinics and hospitals. Trauma and medical emergencies are on the increase, and nurses should have cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) knowledge and skills in order to be able to implement effective interventions in cardiac arrest situations.

Objective: The objective of this descriptive study was to assess registered nurses’ CPR knowledge and skills.

Method: A pre-test, intervention and re-test time-series research design was adopted, and data were collected from 102 nurses from the 2 referral hospitals in Botswana. A multiple choice questionnaire and checklist were used to collect data.

Results: All nurses failed the pre-test. Their knowledge and skills improved after training, but deteriorated over the three months until the post-test was conducted.

Conclusion: The significantly low levels of registered nurses’ CPR skills in Botswana should be addressed by instituting country-wide CPR training and regular refresher courses.


basic life support (BLS), cardiac emergencies, cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR), in-service training, registered nurse


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Crossref Citations

1. Effects of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for Mozambican nursing students in a low-resource setting: An intervention study
Jeonghui Seol, Ogcheol Lee
Nurse Education Today  vol: 90  first page: 104433  year: 2020  
doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2020.104433