Original Research

The effect of curricula approaches to the development of the student’s clinical reasoning ability

T Khanyile, F Mfidi
Curationis | Vol 28, No 2 | a955 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v28i2.955 | © 2005 T Khanyile, F Mfidi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 September 2005 | Published: 28 September 2005

About the author(s)

T Khanyile, School of nursing, University of the Western Cape, South Africa
F Mfidi, University of Transkei, South Africa

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Abstract

A comparative analysis was undertaken using descriptive and cross sectional survey design, to explore the effect of Problem Based Learning and Traditional approach on the development of clinical reasoning abilities of nursing students.
Using quota sampling, a sample of 87 subjects was used from two University Nursing Departments, each using these curricula approaches. Students from their first, second and fourth year were interviewed, using the Triple Jump Exercise as an instrument to collect data. Data analysis using the SAS computer software package was employed to obtain both descriptive and statistical summarizations.
Though descriptive analysis of the scores of clinical reasoning showed a slight difference between the two curricular approaches, this was not confirmed statistically as the two factor ANOVA and Tukey’s methods revealed no significant differences by approaches. The only significant difference was revealed between the students’ levels of study with senior levels (4th years) outperforming their juniors. These findings therefore conclude that, students using Problem Based Learning and Traditional approach perform on a similar level in clinical reasoning.

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