Original Research

Factors affecting behaviours that address HIV risk among Black and White South Africans

K. Peltzer
Curationis | Vol 25, No 3 | a777 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v25i3.777 | © 2002 K. Peltzer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 September 2002 | Published: 27 September 2002

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K. Peltzer, University of the North, South Africa

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting HIV risk reduction among 150 Black and 150 White South Africans chosen by systematic random sampling. Main outcome measures included sexual behaviour and condom use, knowledge about correct condom use, intention of condom use, behavioural norms, attitudes, normative beliefs, and subjective norms about condoms, HIV/AIDS health beliefs, and HIV risk behaviour. Bivariate analysis gave positive significant relations among being single, age, HIV/ AIDS perceived severity, HIV/AIDS prevention barriers and HIV risk behaviour. Further, bivariate analysis gave negative significant relations among age at onset of puberty, age at first vaginal intercourse, correct condom use knowledge, subjective norms, intention to use condoms and HIV risk behaviour. Regression analysis indicated that for subjective norm to use condoms, less intention for condom use, less condom use knowledge and younger age of first vaginal intercourse were predictive for HIV/AIDS risk behaviour. HIV prevention intervention programmes should include the identified factors and cultural diversity.

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