Original Research

Healthy dietary practices among rural and semi-urban Blacks in the Northern Province of South Africa

K. Peltzer
Curationis | Vol 25, No 2 | a751 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v25i2.751 | © 2002 K. Peltzer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 September 2002 | Published: 27 September 2002

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K. Peltzer, University of the North, South Africa

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate five healthy dietary behaviours in a sample of rural and semi-urban South Africans. The sample consisted of 200 adults, 100 from an semi-urban area (Mankweng) and 100 from a rural area (Tiberius) in the central region of the Northern Province of South Africa. The two geographically different communities were chosen by convenience and the participants in the two communities were choosen by cluster sampling. Results indicate that about a third (30% in semi-urban and 34% in rural) of the study sample are overweight and 18% are obese. A moderately high prevalence of six simple healthy dietary practices was found. However, there was a very low prevalence rate of eating fruits daily among both semi-urban (10%) and rural dwellers (9%). Semi-urban dwellers showed significantly higher healthy diet behaviour than rural dwellers in regard to avoiding fat, trying to eat fiber, limiting red meat, and limiting salt. Men reported more than women that they tried to eat fiber and they had more often breakfast everyday. Being semi-urban and female were significantly associated with the healthy dietary index, whereas age, BMI, educational level and marital status were not. The results give insight into dietary health behaviour practices and the factors that influence them, which have practical implications for dietary health promotion.

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