Original Research

Risk factors to mental health challenges among the LGBTI+ community in Gaborone, Botswana

David S. Mangwegape, Mofatiki E. Manyedi, Boitumelo J. Molato
Curationis | Vol 47, No 1 | a2543 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v47i1.2543 | © 2024 David S. Mangwegape, Mofatiki E. Manyedi, Boitumelo J. Molato | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 September 2023 | Published: 22 May 2024

About the author(s)

David S. Mangwegape, Department of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Institute of Health Sciences, Lobatse, Botswana
Mofatiki E. Manyedi, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, North-West University, Mahikeng, South Africa
Boitumelo J. Molato, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, North-West University, Mahikeng, South Africa

Abstract

Background: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex and other gender diverse groupings symbolised by + (LGBTI+) individuals experience adverse mental health problems, and several factors have been documented to facilitate such problems. However, in Botswana, the factors facilitating LGBTI+ individuals to experience mental health challenges have not been explored with previous studies only highlighting the poor mental health outcomes they experience.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to explore and describe factors that could cause mental health challenges in LGBTI+ individuals in Gaborone, Botswana.

Method: A qualitative, descriptive, phenomenological design was employed to examine the research question. In data collection, 15 unstructured in-depth telephonic interviews were conducted until data saturation. Data were analysed with a co-coder using the data analysis method by Colaizzi.

Results: Three themes emerged following data analysis and were reasons for experiencing mental health challenges, experiences of challenges in accessing healthcare services and the social challenges of everyday life.

Conclusion: The findings indicate that a variety of factors influence the mental health problems in some LGBTI+ individuals.

Contribution: The knowledge of the factors that cause LGBTI+ individuals’ mental health challenges can inform mental healthcare to be rendered. The findings can apprise nursing curriculum development and policy regarding the needs of LGBTI+ individuals.


Keywords

coping mechanisms; discrimination; hormonal replacement therapy; LGBTI+; mental health challenges; misgendering; stigma

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being

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