Original Research

Experiences of cervical cancer screening in HIV-positive women in Zimbabwe

Patience C. Mpata, Zethu Z. Nkosi
Curationis | Vol 44, No 1 | a2184 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v44i1.2184 | © 2021 patience chishamiso mpata | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 August 2020 | Published: 10 November 2021

About the author(s)

Patience C. Mpata, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mpilo Central Hospital, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
Zethu Z. Nkosi, College of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa

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Background: The primary purpose of screening is to detect individuals in danger of cervical cancer so as to prevent further progression of the disease. Cervical cancer remains a global concern, as it ranks as the fourth most commonly diagnosed female malignancy worldwide. It is the commonest female cancer in Zimbabwe. Women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have a disproportionate risk of invasive cervical cancer, as they are 2–12 times more likely to develop pre-cancerous lesions. As a result of the increased risk, routine screenings are suggested. Few women are screened for cervical cancer in Zimbabwe.

Objectives: This study aimed at describing the experiences of screening for cervical cancer and motivation behind screening.

Method: The study employed a qualitative research approach. In-depth one to one interviews and focus group discussions were conducted using interview and focus group guides. The study was conducted at an opportunistic infections clinic in Mpilo Central Hospital. Data analysis was performed by using Giorgi’s descriptive method of data analysis.

Results: The themes that emerged from data analysis were facilitators to screening for cervical cancer, community awareness of cervical cancer screening, free cervical cancer treatment and more screening centres and integrating cervical cancer screening with HIV care.

Conclusion: In-depth understanding of the factors that enable women to take part in cervical cancer screening is essential so that these factors can be strengthened to improve uptake of cervical cancer screening services.


adopters and non-adopters of cervical cancer screening; cervical cancer; facilitators; focus group discussions screening; HIV; human papilloma virus; in-depth interviews; qualitative study


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Crossref Citations

1. An audit of adherence to cervical cancer screening guidelines in a tertiary-level HIV clinic
Jeffrey Bolon, Amy Samson, Natalie Irwin, Lyle Murray, Langanani Mbodi, Sarah Stacey, Nicholas Aikman, Louell Moonsamy, Jarrod Zamparini
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine  vol: 24  issue: 1  year: 2023  
doi: 10.4102/sajhivmed.v24i1.1490