Original Research

Foreign nurse educators’ lived experiences of incivility: The case for Botswana

Gloria B. Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, William M. Baratedi, Botshelo R. Sebola, Samuel Raditloko, Kefalotse S. Dithole
Curationis | Vol 43, No 1 | a2162 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v43i1.2162 | © 2020 Gloria B. Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, William M. Baratedi, Botshelo R. Sebola, Samuel Raditloko, Kefalotse S. Dithole | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 April 2020 | Published: 21 December 2020

About the author(s)

Gloria B. Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, Department of Health Studies, School of Social Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
William M. Baratedi, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
Botshelo R. Sebola, Department of Health Studies, School of Social Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Samuel Raditloko, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
Kefalotse S. Dithole, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana


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Abstract

Background: In light of current economic prosperity and subsequent attainment of upper-middle-income country status, Botswana attracted nurse educators from other African countries. Within this cross-cultural environment, anti-immigrant sentiments have catalysed incidents of incivility, affecting the quality of teaching and learning outcomes.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore experiences of incivility amongst foreign nurse educators and how it impacts their work and livelihood.

Method: This study employed a qualitative approach, using interpretive phenomenology. In-depth interviews using a developed guide were conducted with 13 foreign nurse educators working as nurse educators in Botswana. Thematic analysis was conducted in accordance with interpretive phenomenology, where transcriptions were drafted after each interview.

Results: Three themes emerged from the study findings: hostile behaviour, discrimination and inequitable application of procedures and processes. Discrimination as a theme has two sub-themes, namely, workplace injustice and individual injustice.

Conclusion: The study found that foreign nurse educators working in Botswana experience incivility. From the findings, the study strongly recommends application of equitable job opportunities to all employees, including foreign nurse educators who are employed to meet the shortage of nurse educators in Botswana. The researchers are of the opinion that the nurse educator shortage will persist in Botswana, partly because of the nursing profession rendered unattractive by hostile social interactions amongst nurse educators’ exclusion of foreign nurses from benefits enjoyed by local nurse educators, workplace injustice targeting foreign nurse educators, as well as inequitable application of policies and processes that affect foreign nurse educators.


Keywords

Botswana; Discrimination; Experiences; foreign nurse educators; Hostile behaviors

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