Original Research

Support model for nurses caring for people living with HIV and AIDS in the Limpopo province, South Africa

Dorah U. Ramathuba, Lufuno Makhado
Curationis | Vol 44, No 1 | a2092 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v44i1.2092 | © 2021 Dorah U. Ramathuba, Lufuno Makhado | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 June 2019 | Published: 06 July 2021

About the author(s)

Dorah U. Ramathuba, Department of Advanced Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa
Lufuno Makhado, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) caregiving has created a foundation for stress and burnout amongst nurses as they are burdened by the increased workload of HIV and AIDS care.

Objectives: This study aimed to develop a support model for nurses caring for people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWH).

Method: The study employed concept analysis and the identified concept of interest within the caring context of HIV and AIDS was conceptualised using six elements of practice-oriented theory, namely, the context, agent, recipient, dynamic, procedure and purpose.

Results: The framework consisted of six components: health service and legislative (context); nursing service managers (agents); nurses (recipients); decreasing power imbalance, participative and transformational leadership and trust (dynamics); initiation of support process through teamwork and mutual goal-setting, implementation and sustenance through reflections, monitoring and evaluation (process) and empowered nurses (outcome).

Conclusion: Poor organisational support deteriorates the quality of nurses’ lives on a personal level and imposes a direct economic cost on the employer by decreasing overall nursing workforce productivity. The conceptual framework could be a guide to support nurses in healthcare services regarding the management of HIV and AIDS in the workplace.


Keywords

caring; HIV and AIDS; job satisfaction; nurses; organisational support

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