Original Research

Risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the Ga-Rankuwa community

Y.Q. Li, S.C.D. Wright
Curationis | Vol 30, No 4 | a1120 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v30i4.1120 | © 2007 Y.Q. Li, S.C.D. Wright | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 September 2007 | Published: 28 September 2007

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Y.Q. Li, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
S.C.D. Wright, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa

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Abstract

Cardiovascular disease is the most common and yet one of the most preventable causes of death in the world. Rapid urbanization in South Africa is accompanied by rapid changes in lifestyle and environmental exposure that increase the burden of chronic cardiovascular diseases. Risk factors, modifiable or nonmodifiable, exist that increases a person’s chances of developing cardiovascular disease. Though some knowledge is available about the prevalence of the risk factors in South Africa, no information is available regarding the community of Ga-Rankuwa. The purpose of the study was therefore to investigate the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease amongst the working-age people (18-40 years) in Ga-Rankuwa community. A quantitative survey was done and the sample was selected from zone 1,2,4, and 16 of Ga-Rankuwa from July 2005 to October 2005. The sampling method was census sampling (n=604). The data-gathering was self-report using a structured questionnaire as well as physical measurement. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics. The results indicated that risk factors, specifically obesity, physical inactivity and hypertension, were very prevalent in Ga-Rankuwa community. Different distributions of risk factors exist in the various sex and age groups. This finding again emphasises the importance of not developing health interventions with a single focus, for example hypertension or obesity. The risk factors are interwoven and affect each other. It is important to initiate a comprehensive health project to lower the risk factors of cardiovascular disease in the Ga-Rankuwa community.

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