Original Research

Training primary care nurses to conduct alcohol screening and brief interventions in South Africa

K Peltzer, P Seoka, T Babor, I Obot
Curationis | Vol 29, No 2 | a1067 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v29i2.1067 | © 2006 K Peltzer, P Seoka, T Babor, I Obot | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 September 2006 | Published: 28 September 2006

About the author(s)

K Peltzer, Human Sciences Research Council & University Limpopo, South Africa
P Seoka, University of Limpopo, South Africa
T Babor, University of Connecticut, South Africa
I Obot, World Health Organisation, South Africa

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Abstract

Although progress has been made in developing a scientific basis for alcohol screening and brief intervention (SBI), training packages are necessary for its widespread dissemination in primary care settings in developing societies. Using a training package developed by the World Health Organisation 121 nurses from one rural site (29 clinics in Vhembe District) and one urban site (3 clinics and 6 mobile clinics in Polokwane/ Seshego) in South Africa were compared before and after SBI training regarding knowledge and attitudes, and the subsequent practice of SBI in routine clinical practice. Although the training effects were at times moderate, all changes were in a direction more conducive to implementing SBI. Health care providers significantly increased in knowledge, confidence in SBI and higher self-efficacy in implementing SBI at followup after 9 months after receiving the training. When delivered in the context of a comprehensive SBI implementation programme, this training is effective in changing providers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice of SBI for at-risk drinking.

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