Original Research

A strategy for the management of HIV/ AIDS in the health sector of the city of Johannesburg

A. Barnard, M. Muller
Curationis | Vol 27, No 4 | a1010 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v27i4.1010 | © 2004 A. Barnard, M. Muller | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 September 2004 | Published: 28 September 2004

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A. Barnard, Nursing Department, RAU, South Africa
M. Muller, Nursing Department, RAU, South Africa

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Abstract

The HIV/AIDS pandemic is posing major challenges to all sectors in South Africa, including the health sector of the city of Johannesburg. The health sector of the city of Johannesburg, as a result of the pandemic, is faced with increasing demands on its scarce resources at a time of major reform at local government level including transformation of the health sector. The overall objective of the study is to explore and describe a strategy for the management of HIV/AIDS by the health sector of the city of Johannesburg. An exploratory, descriptive and quantitative research design was utilized and the UNAIDS “Guide to the strategic planning process for a national response to HIV/AIDS” (1998), was employed to formulate the strategy. The content validity of the strategy was determined according to the process originally described by Lynn (1986) and adopted by Muller (in Booyens, 1998:607-609). The research was conducted in two phases. The first phase, the developmental phase, involved the exploration and description of the theoretical framework and the response to the pandemic, and formulation of a draft strategy. The second phase, the quantification phase, involved the assertion of the content of the strategy by a group of experts and determination of the content validity index (CV1). The final strategy focused on the following: to lead and facilitate intersectoral collaboration; to strengthen primary health care services to provide comprehensive community-based care; prevention of new infections; community mobilization towards prevention, non-discrimination and non stigmatization and empowerment of the health sector to deal with the AIDS .pandemic. The CVI results showed that the average content validity index determined during this study was adequate: full score (1.0) for acceptability and technical soundness, and 0.89 for feasibility and perceived affordability. The strategy formulated for the management of HI V/A1DS by the health sector of the city of Johannesburg is therefore acceptable, technically sound and feasible and perceived as affordable. It was finally recommended that the strategy be adopted for implementation within the health sector of the city of Johannesburg.

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