Original Research

Implementing community-based education in basic nursing education programs in South Africa

N.G. Mtshali
Curationis | Vol 32, No 1 | a870 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v32i1.870 | © 2009 N.G. Mtshali | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 September 2009 | Published: 28 September 2009

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N.G. Mtshali, School of Nursing: University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

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Abstract

Education of health professionals using principles of community-based education is the recommended national policy in South Africa. A paradigm shift to community based education is reported in a number of nursing education institutions in South Africa. Reviewed literature however revealed that in some educational institutions planning, implementation and evaluation of Community-based Educational (CBE) programmes tended to be haphazard, uncoordinated and ineffective, resulting in poor student motivation. Therefore the purpose of this study was to analyse the implementation of community-based education in basic nursing education programmes in South Africa. Strauss and Corbin’s (1990) grounded theory approach guided the research process. Data were collected by means of observation, interviews and document analysis. The findings revealed that collaborative decision-making involving all stakeholders was crucial especially during the curriculum planning phase. Furthermore, special criteria should be used when selecting community learning sites to ensure that the selected sites are able to facilitate the development of required graduate competencies. Collaborative effort, true partnership between academic institutions and communities, as well as government support and involvement emerged as necessary conditions for the successful implementation of community-based education programmes.

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