Original Research

Implementation of maternal guidelines for gravid teenagers with hypertensive disorders in KwaZulu-Natal

Zwelihle B. Shongwe
Curationis | Vol 46, No 1 | a2395 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v46i1.2395 | © 2023 Zwelihle B. Shongwe | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 July 2022 | Published: 01 February 2023

About the author(s)

Zwelihle B. Shongwe, Department of Health, KwaZulu-Natal College of Nursing, Empangeni, South Africa; and, Department of Health Studies, College of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa


Background: The worldwide phenomenon of teenage pregnancy among 13–9-year-olds is complicated by obstetric conditions. Among the top three causes of maternal mortality, hypertension is the third in South Africa. Quality maternal care is assured by obstetric practitioners (OPs) implementing guidelines specific for management of hypertension in pregnancy.

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate implementation of maternal guidelines for hypertension in pregnancy among teenagers.

Methods: As a retrospective quantitative research design was used, 173 maternal records of pregnant teenagers from 13 to 19 years were sampled from six district hospitals and Community Health Centres (CHCs) between 01 January 2017 and 31 December 2019 to undergo systematic random sampling. A pretested structured checklist was used to record data from sampled maternal records. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26 was used for data analysis, and results were presented using simple descriptive statistics.

Results: Research results indicated that teenagers who suffered from hypertension intrapartum and postpartum did not receive maternal care according to the guidelines for maternity care in South Africa. Blood pressure was not measured of six (3.47%) intrapartum and five (2.9%) postpartum teenagers. Seventeen (9.8%) hypertensive postpartum teenagers received their antihypertensives.

Conclusion: Public health institutions (PHIs) compromised provision of quality maternal care among teenagers, evidenced by incomplete intrapartum and postpartum assessment, diagnosis and management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP).

Contribution: This study contributed to facilitating adherence to guidelines improving healthcare of teenagers in government facilities.


Maternal guidelines; gravid teenagers; hypertensive disorders

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being


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