Original Research - Special Collection: Contemporary Issues in Nursing

Community-based maternal and newborn care: A concept analysis

Yonas R. Guta, Patrone R. Risenga, Mary M. Moleki, Merertu T. Alemu
Curationis | Vol 41, No 1 | a1922 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v41i1.1922 | © 2018 Patrone Rebecca Risenga | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 February 2018 | Published: 26 September 2018

About the author(s)

Yonas R. Guta, The World Bank, Ethiopia Country Office, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP), Ethiopia
Patrone R. Risenga, Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, South Africa
Mary M. Moleki, Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, South Africa
Merertu T. Alemu, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia


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Abstract

Background: Community-based care can serve as a valuable programme in the provision of essential maternal and newborn care, specifically in communities in low-income countries. However, its application in maternal and newborn care is not clearly documented in relation to the rendering of services by skilled birth attendants.

Objectives: The purpose of the analysis was to clarify the meaning of the concept ‘community-based maternal and newborn care and its relationship to maternal and newborn health’.

Method: Walker and Avant’s and Rodgers and Knafl’s as well as Chin and Kramer’s approaches to concept analysis were followed to analyse community-based maternal and newborn care.

Results: The attributes of community-based care in maternal and newborn health include (1) the provision of home- and/or community-level skilled care, (2) linkages of health services and (3) community participation and mobilisation. These attributes are influenced by antecedents as well as consequences.

Conclusion: The provision of good maternal and newborn care to all clients is a crucial aspect in provision of maternal and newborn services. In order for low-income countries to promote maternal and newborn health, community-based care services are the best option to follow.


Keywords

Community-based care; health; maternal and newborn care; skilled birth attendant

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