Original Research

Health assessment of taxi drivers in the city of Tshwane

Tendani S. Ramukumba, Makwena S. Mathikhi
Curationis | Vol 39, No 1 | a1671 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v39i1.1671 | © 2016 Tendani S. Ramukumba, Makwena S. Mathikhi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 January 2016 | Published: 30 November 2016

About the author(s)

Tendani S. Ramukumba, Adelaide Tambo School of Nursing, Tshwane University of Technology,, South Africa
Makwena S. Mathikhi, Adelaide Tambo School of Nursing, Tshwane University of Technology,, South Africa

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Background: Taxi driving seems to be a strenuous occupation. There was evidence-based paucity of literature on health assessment of taxi drivers. Meanwhile taxi drivers of South Africa were burdened by communicable and non-communicable diseases including high-level exposure to injuries and criminal attacks. Health assessment of this cohort group enables mitigation to engage in appropriation of relevant interventions related to the occupational needs of taxi drivers.
Objectives: The objective of the study was to conduct health assessment of taxi drivers in the city of Tshwane to identify health risk factors.
Method: An exploratory, descriptive and quantitative survey was conducted and anthropometric measurements of blood pressure, body mass index and waist circumference were monitored and recorded on a convenience sample of 69 taxi drivers in Tshwane Municipality. Consent was sought from individual taxi drivers who participated in the study, while taxi rank queue marshals assisted with smooth running of the process. Data were gathered using a questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using statistical STATA II with the assistance of a statistician.
Results: The study found that taxi drivers were obese, hypertensive, had type II diabetes-related risk factors, including unhealthy life style practices. The results indicate that the general health of taxi drivers impacts their occupation.
Conclusion: The findings implicate that the health status of taxi operators in Tshwane was a serious concern and urgent concerted effort is needed to engage in lifestyle modification of taxi drivers. The need for health promotion and formalised occupational health services was recommended.


Health Assessment


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Curationis  vol: 42  issue: 1  year: 2019  
doi: 10.4102/curationis.v42i1.1912