Original Research

Depressive symptomatology in hospitalised children

M. Rangaka, C. Rose, L. Richter
Curationis | Vol 16, No 2 | a1397 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v16i2.1397 | © 1993 M. Rangaka, C. Rose, L. Richter | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 March 1993 | Published: 31 March 1993

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M. Rangaka,, South Africa
C. Rose,, South Africa
L. Richter,, South Africa

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Abstract

This study was undertaken to determine the extent and nature of depressive symptoms exhibited by black South African children during hospitalisation for orthopaedic procedures. Social factors associated with the risk for depression, in response to hospitalisation, were also examined. Pre- and post-test assessments were conducted on a sample of 30 children aged between 6 and 12 years. The assessment entailed a structured interview, together with the following psychometric instruments: A Global Mood Scale, a Depressive Symptoms Checklist, a Hospital Fears Rating Scale and a Self Report Depression Rating Scale. A large proportion of the children were rated by ward sisters as showing high levels of depressive symptomatology two weeks after admission to hospital. As expected, discrepancies were found between adult and child self-ratings of depression. The results of this study indicate that hospitalisation for orthopaedic child patients is associated with the development of depressive symptomatology. It is suggested that emphasis be placed on the development of supportive programmes and procedures aimed at maximising children's coping responses to hospitalisation, particularly for children who find themselves Isolated from their communities and families, as a result of both centralised health services and poor socio-economic conditions.

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Crossref Citations

1. An Integrative Review of Literature Examining Psychometric Properties of Instruments Measuring Anxiety or Fear in Hospitalized Children
Roxie L. Foster, Jeong-hwan Park
Pain Management Nursing  vol: 13  issue: 2  first page: 94  year: 2012  
doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2011.06.006