Original Research

The management of infant developmental needs by community nurses - Part 2: The development of guidelines for the support of community nurses in the management of infant developmental needs

R. Leech, N.C. van Wyk, C.J.E. Uys
Curationis | Vol 30, No 2 | a1085 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v30i2.1085 | © 2007 R. Leech, N.C. van Wyk, C.J.E. Uys | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 September 2007 | Published: 28 September 2007

About the author(s)

R. Leech, Department of Nursing Science, University of Pretoria, South Africa
N.C. van Wyk, Department of Nursing Science, University of Pretoria, South Africa
C.J.E. Uys, Centre for Alternative and Augmentative Communication, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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Abstract

In the previous article, the author described, according to the scope of practice of registered nurses, the responsibilities oi community nurses with regard to the management of infant developmental needs in primary health care clinics in South Africa. In this article, the focus is on the development of guidelines for the support of community nurses in fulfilling these responsibilities. Before the development of the guidelines is addressed, a brief overview of the background of the study, assumptions of the researcher and the methodology of the study is given. The development of the set of guidelines (DEFINE HOPE) is set against the background of the drive to improve the quality of developmental care for infants and their families. As guidelines help to translate scientific information into statements, it could be valuable to community nurses to improve their delivery of developmental care. To gather evidence for the formulation of the guidelines, the researcher utilised the themes identified during the analysis process in phase one of the research; investigated research articles; and compared findings and recommendations of the articles with the research findings obtained in phase one. In addition to the research findings and literature review, a focus group (health care professionals represented in the case study), was utilised to assist with the final development and validation of the guidelines. The researcher adapted a number of desirable attributes for guidelines, which are indicated in the literature, to compile the criteria for validation of the guidelines. In conclusion, guidelines are necessary to support community nurses in finding “best practice” within their scope of practice to ensure higher quality of developmental care to families with infants 0-2 years.

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